Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

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Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2021
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Note 3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies


Use of Estimates and Assumptions


The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The significant areas of estimation include determining research and development accruals and the inputs in determining the fair value of equity-based awards and warrants issued. Actual results could differ from those estimates.


Risks and Uncertainties


The Company operates in an industry that is subject to intense competition, government regulation and rapid technological change. Operations are subject to significant risk and uncertainties including financial, operational, technological, regulatory, and other risks, including the potential risk of business failure.


The extent of the impact and effects of the coronavirus (COVID-19) on the operation and financial performance of the Company’s business will depend on future developments, including the duration and spread of the outbreak, related travel advisories and restrictions, the recovery time of disrupted research services, the consequential staff shortages, and research and development delays, or the uncertainty with respect to the accessibility of additional liquidity or capital markets, all of which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted. If the Company’s operations are impacted by this outbreak for an extended period, the Company’s results of operations or liquidity may be materially adversely affected.


Deferred Offering Costs


In conjunction with the Company’s public offerings, costs incurred related to the public offerings were capitalized as deferred equity issuance costs in other non-current assets until the time of completion of the public offerings. Upon completion of the public offerings, these costs have been offset against proceeds received. Offering costs include direct and incremental costs related to the offering such as legal fees and related costs associated with the public offerings.


As of December 31, 2020, the Company recorded deferred offering costs of approximately $101,000 and as of March 31, 2021, there were no deferred offering costs recorded on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets (see Note 5).


Research and Development


Research and development costs are expensed as incurred. These expenses primarily consist of payroll, contractor expenses, research study expenses, costs for manufacturing and supplies, and technical infrastructure on the cloud for the purposes of developing the Company’s RADR platform and identifying, developing, and testing drug candidates. Development costs incurred by third parties are expensed as the work is performed. Costs to acquire technologies, including licenses, that are utilized in research and development and that have no alternative future use are expensed when incurred.


Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets


Prepaid expenses and other current assets as of March 31, 2021 totaled approximately $1,111,000 and included approximately $249,000 of upfront payments for contractor fees, academic research studies and services, and subscriptions, approximately $502,000 of intellectual property related licensing and other fees, and approximately $360,000 of prepaid annual insurance fees.


New Accounting Pronouncements, Not Yet Adopted


Current Expected Credit Loss


In June 2016 the FASB issued Accounting Standard Update (ASU) 2016-13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (Topic 326). This introduces new methodology for recognition of credit losses - the current expected credit loss (“CECL”) method. The CECL method requires the recognition of all losses expected over the life of a financial instrument upon origination or purchase of the instrument, unless the company elects to recognize such instruments at fair value with changes in profit and loss. CECL is effective for the Company on January 1, 2023. The Company does not anticipate a material impact from the adoption of this new standard on its financial statements.


Recently Adopted Accounting Standards


Income Taxes


In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12: Income Taxes (Topic 740) – Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. This ASU simplifies accounting for income taxes by removing the exception to the incremental approach for intraperiod tax allocation when there is a loss from continuing operations and income or gain for other items, the exception to the requirement to recognize a deferred tax liability for equity method investments when a foreign subsidiary becomes an equity method investment, the exception to the ability not to recognize a deferred tax liability for a foreign subsidiary when a foreign equity method investment becomes a subsidiary, and the exception to the general methodology for calculating income taxes in an interim period when a year-to-date loss exceeds the anticipated loss for the year. This ASU also includes other requirements related to franchise tax, goodwill as part of a business combination, consolidations, changes in tax laws, and affordable housing projects. ASU 2019-12 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods within that fiscal year. There was not a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements and disclosures as a result of the adoption of this new standard.